Drugs Q & A

Why Was Bronkaid Discontinued?

What Is Bronkaid?

Bronkaid is an ephedrine sulfate-based medication designed to provide temporary asthma relief, and can help treat difficulty breathing and difficulty expelling mucus, and should only be used by patients that have been officially diagnosed with asthma by their doctor. Symptoms treated by Bronkaid include wheezing, tightness of the chest, shortness of breath, and chest congestion.

Asthma is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of air passageways, making it difficult to breathe. Asthma is triggered by things like pollen, extreme weather changes, dust mites, exercise, chemicals, smoke, and stress, and each person’s triggers are different. People with asthma must learn to identify their triggers and avoid them where possible. Symptoms of asthma include coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing, and chest tightness, and it can cause a medical emergency.

Bronkaid is availsble as

  • Capsule
  • Liquid Filled Capsule
  • Long Acting Capsule
  • Tablet
  • Long Acting Tablet
  • Coated Tablet
  • Liquid
  • Chewable Tablet

How Does Bronkaid Work?

Bronkaid contains ephedrine sulfate as the active ingredient. Ephedrine sulfate is a bronchodilator and decongestant that causes a narrowing of the blood vessels, allowing a person experiencing asthma symptoms to breathe more easily. Bronchodilators work on specific receptors in the body to cause the bronchial smooth muscle to relax, which results in freer breathing and relief from the chest tightness and wheezing associated with asthma.

However, Bronkaid does not treat the root cause of asthma and it cannot prevent an asthma attack, but it does help to improve symptoms once asthma symptoms appear.

Bronkaid Mist Discontinued

Why was Bronkaid discontinued?

Bronkaid Mist, a metered-dose inhaler that is intended to provide temporary relief for symptoms of mild, intermittent asthma has been discontinued in the U.S because the propellants used in the inhaler, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which are harmful to the environment and are no longer permitted.

Other Bronkaid products have also been reclassified after a new federal law made ephedrine the active ingredient in the medication a Schedule V controlled substance. This action was taken to limit its availability and to help stop the production of methamphetamine. Illicitly manufactured meth is usually made by combining ephedrine or pseudoephedrine with other chemicals that are often poisonous or highly flammable.

The reclassification has nothing to do with the voluntary recall of 56 lots of Bronkaid (ephedrine sulfate and guaifenesin) Caplets Dual Action Formula by Bayer Consumer Care following the unintentional exclusion of certain information from the product carton label.

In February 2004, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also banned supplements containing ephedrine alkaloids due to significant cardiovascular risk. The agent has repeatedly been linked to adverse and sometimes fatal outcomes despite compliance with recommended dosages. The FDA took the action after receiving more than 18,000 adverse-event reports.

Bronkaid side effects

In general, other side effects associated with the use of Bronkaid are considered mild and usually do not require medical attention. Common and generally mild side effects of Bronkaid include:

•          Difficulty sleeping

•          Nervousness

Infrequent and generally mild side effects of Bronkaid include:

•          Decreased appetite

•          Difficult or painful urination

•          Dizziness

•          Dry mouth

•          Excessive sweating

•          Fast heartbeat

•          Generalized weakness

•          Headache

•          High blood pressure

•          Loss of skin color

•          Muscle tremors

•          Nausea

•          Throat dryness

•          Vomiting

Rare and generally mild side effects of Bronkaid include:

•          Anxious feelings

•          Irritation of the stomach or intestines

•          Temporary redness of face or neck

Rare and potentially serious side effects of Bronkaid are unlikely but have been known to occur. These include:

•          A heart attack

•          A stroke

•          Abnormal heart rhythm

•          Chest pain

•          Mental problems

•          Paradoxical bronchospasm

•          Seizures

Patients should stop the use of Bronkaid and seek medical help if asthma symptoms worsen, you have difficulty sleeping, have tremors, nervousness, or seizure, experience a rapid heartbeat, or you have a cough with phlegm lasting longer than seven days, comes back, or occurs in conjunction with a fever, rash, persistent headache or any allergic reaction.

Bronkaid may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while you are taking this medication.

If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch) or by phone (1-800-332-1088).

Warnings

Avoid using diet pills such as Accutrim and Dexatrim while taking this medicine.

You should not use with an MAO inhibitor.

This medicine might contain alcohol or sodium (salt). If you are not sure what is in the medicine and you are concerned, ask your pharmacist.

Children may be more sensitive to this medicine than adults, especially if too much medicine is used. Always read medicine labels closely and give your child the right amount. If you are not sure how much medicine to use, ask your pharmacist.

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