Bromfed DM Cough Syrup: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, COVID-19

Bromfed DM Cough Syrup is a combination medication that treats symptoms caused by the common cold, flu, allergies, hay fever, or other breathing illnesses (such as sinusitis, bronchitis). Each year in the United States, there are millions of cases of the common cold. Adults have an average of 2-3 colds per year, and children have even more. Most people get colds in the winter and spring, but it is possible to get a cold any time of the year.

Each 5ml of Bromfed DM Cough Syrup contain the following ingredients;

  • Brompheniramine maleate 2mg
  • Pseudoephedrine HCl 30mg
  • Dextromethorphan HBr 10mg

It also contains alcohol 0.95% v/v; butterscotch flavor.

Brompheniramine (an antihistamine) lowers inflammation caused by allergies or the common cold, dextromethorphan (a cough suppressant) lowers your urge to cough, and pseudoephedrine (a decongestant) clears your sinuses.

Cough-and-cold products have not been shown to be safe or effective in children younger than 6 years. Do not use this product to treat cold symptoms in children younger than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Some products (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are not recommended for use in children younger than 12 years. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details about using your product safely.

These products do not cure or shorten the length of the common cold and may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious side effects, carefully follow all dosage directions. Do not use this product to make a child sleepy. Do not give other cough-and-cold medication that might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking enough fluids, using a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).

How fast does Bromfed DM work?

Most people start feeling relief within 30 minutes of taking their dose. The full benefits of Bromfed DM are usually felt about 1 hour after your dose.

How to take Bromfed DM Syrup

The dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to therapy. If you are taking this medication for allergy or hay fever symptoms, take it regularly in order to get the most benefit from it.

Typical dosing for Bromfed DM

•          Adults and children over 12 years old: The typical dosing is 2 teaspoonfuls (10 mL) by mouth every 4 hours.

•          Children between 6 and 11 years old: The typical dosing is 1 teaspoonful (5 mL) by mouth every 4 hours.

•          Children between 2 and 5 years old: The typical dosing is ½ teaspoonful (2.5 mL) by mouth every 4 hours.

Do not exceed 6 doses during a 24-hour period.

Improper use of this medication (abuse) may result in serious harm (such as brain damage, seizure, death). Do not increase your dose, take it more frequently, or use it for a longer time than directed.

Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Since Bromfed DM is taken when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. If you are taking the medication regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Can you take Bromfed DM with Mucinex (guaifenesin)?

Yes. Bromfed DM doesn’t contain the ingredient, guaifenesin, that’s in Mucinex, so you can take it as well to help with your symptoms. Be aware that other products with the name Mucinex on the package might have different ingredients, so it’s important to make sure you don’t get a Mucinex brand product containing any medications that are already in Bromfed DM. Ask your pharmacist to make sure the Mucinex you have chosen is safe to take with Bromfed DM.

Will Bromfed DM make me sleepy?

Yes Bromfed DM makes you sleepy, it contains brompheniramine, an antihistamine that can make you sleepy. Make sure to take Bromfed DM at home first to see how you will react to it before you take it when you need to be fully awake and alert.

What are the side effects of Bromfed DM Cough Syrup?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using Bromfed DM Cough Syrup and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • Confusion
  • Severe anxiety
  • Hallucinations
  • Tremors
  • Weak or shallow breathing
  • A light-headed feeling, like you might pass out
  • Fast heartbeats
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Little or no urinating
  • Pale skin,
  • Weakness
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Fever
  • Body aches
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Severe headache
  • Buzzing in your ears
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Uneven heartbeats.

Common side effects may include:

  • Dizziness, drowsiness, headache;
  • Constipation, upset stomach, loss of appetite;
  • Blurred vision, double vision, dry eyes;
  • Sleep problems (insomnia); or
  • Dry mouth, nose, or throat.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Is Bromfed DM Cough Syrup the same thing as codeine syrup?

No. Codeine is an opioid sometimes used in cough syrups as a cough suppressant. Bromfed DM Cough Syrup doesn’t contain any opioids, including codeine.

Does Bromfed DM Cough Syrup work against COVID-19?

No, there is currently no evidence that Bromfed DM Cough Syrup work against COVID-19. Although an ingredient in the drug (dextromethorphan) seems to activate a cellular stress-coping process and stimulate the growth of SARS-CoV-2 in monkey cells in lab dishes, there is no conclusive evidence that the syrup or the ingredient can help with COVID-19 infection.


Dr. Oche Otorkpa PG Cert, MPH, PhD

Dr. Oche is a seasoned Public Health specialist who holds a post graduate certificate in Pharmacology and Therapeutics, an MPH, and a PhD both from Texila American University. He is a member of the International Society of Substance Use Professionals and a Fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health in the UK. He authored two books: "The Unseen Terrorist," published by AuthorHouse UK, and "The Night Before I Killed Addiction."
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