Drugs Q & A

What Are The Most Common Side Effects of Lisinopril?

What is lisinopril?

Lisinopril is a prescription drug. It comes as an oral tablet and an oral solution. Lisinopril oral tablet is available as the brand-name drugs Prinivil and Zestril. It’s also available as a generic drug. Generic drugs usually cost less. In some cases, they may not be available in every strength or form as the brand-name version.

Lisinopril oral tablet is used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. It’s also used to improve your chance of survival after a heart attack. This drug may be used as part of a combination therapy. That means you may need to take it with other drugs.

How  lisinopril works

Lisinopril belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. They have a similar chemical structure and are often used to treat similar conditions. This drug relaxes the blood vessels in your body. This reduces stress on your heart and lowers your blood pressure.

How should Lisinopril be used?

Lisinopril comes as a tablet and a solution (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day. To help you remember to take lisinopril, take it around the same time every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take lisinopril exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

If you are taking the solution, do not use a household spoon to measure your dose. Use an oral syringe made especially for measuring liquid medication.

Your doctor will probably start you on a low dose of lisinopril and gradually increase your dose. Lisinopril controls your condition, but it is not a cure. Continue to take lisinopril even if you feel well. Do not stop taking lisinopril without talking to your doctor.

What Are The Most Common Side Effects of Lisinopril?

The very common side effects of lisinopril include:

persistent cough.



low blood pressure.

chest pain.

The general list of side effects caused by lisinopril is presented below;

•          cough

•          dizziness

•          headache

•          excessive tiredness

•          nausea

•          diarrhea

•          weakness

•          sneezing

•          runny nose

•          decrease in sexual ability

•          rash

Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

•          swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs

•          hoarseness

•          difficulty breathing or swallowing

•          fever, sore throat, chills, and other signs of infection

•          yellowing of the skin or eyes

•          lightheadedness

•          fainting

•          chest pain

Lisinopril may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.

Lisinopril Safety Information

Do not take lisinopril if you are pregnant. If you become pregnant while taking lisinopril, call your doctor immediately. Lisinopril may harm the fetus. Lisinopril may rarely cause serious (possibly fatal) liver problems. Get medical help right away if you have any symptoms of liver damage, such as: nausea/vomiting that doesn’t stop, loss of appetite, stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare.


Dr. Oche Otorkpa PG Cert, MPH, PhD

Dr. Oche is a seasoned Public Health specialist who holds a post graduate certificate in Pharmacology and Therapeutics, an MPH, and a PhD both from Texila American University. He is a member of the International Society of Substance Use Professionals and a Fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health in the UK. He authored two books: "The Unseen Terrorist," published by AuthorHouse UK, and "The Night Before I Killed Addiction."
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