Clonaril is a brand of Clonazepam, a medication that belongs to the class of drugs called benzodiazepines. In general, benzodiazepines are used as a sedative or to decrease seizures or anxiety. Clonazepam is used to treat seizure disorders. It helps by slowing the activity of the nerves in the brain (i.e., the central nervous system).
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk during pregnancy. Clonazepam 1 mg is classified as a Schedule 4 controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA). Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
How should I take CLONARIL pill?
Take CLONARIL pill exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Never use this medicine in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Tell your doctor if you feel an increased urge to use more of this medicine.
Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Misuse can cause addiction, overdose, or death. keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it. Selling or giving away this medicine is against the law.
Read and carefully follow any Instructions for Use provided with your medicine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you do not understand these instructions.
Do not stop using CLONARIL pill suddenly, even if you feel fine. Stopping suddenly may cause increased seizures or unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Follow your doctor’s instructions about tapering your dose.
Swallow the regular tablet whole, with a full glass of water. CLONARIL pill doses are based on weight in children. Your child’s dose needs may change if the child gains or loses weight.
Your doctor will need to check your progress on a regular basis. Call your doctor if this medicine seems to stop working as well in treating your seizures or panic attacks.
Seizures are often treated with a combination of drugs. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor’s advice.
What are the side effects of CLONARIL pill?
The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking CLONARIL pill. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.
• clumsiness or unsteadiness
• delayed reaction
• dizziness or lightheadedness
• increased watering of the mouth
• muscle weakness
• unusual tiredness or weakness
Although most of the side effects listed below don’t happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not seek medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
• abnormal thinking (disorientation, delusions, or loss of sense of reality)
• behaviour changes (e.g., aggressiveness, agitation, unusual excitement, nervousness, or irritability)
• convulsions (seizures)
• hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that aren’t there)
• increased falls
• memory loss of recent events
• nightmares or trouble sleeping
• signs of depression (e.g., poor concentration, changes in weight, changes in sleep, decreased interest in activities, thoughts of suicide)
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
• signs of a severe allergic reaction (e.g., hives; difficulty breathing; or swelling of the mouth, tongue, lips, or throat)
• thoughts of self-harm, suicide
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.
Are there any other precautions or warnings for this medication?
Before you begin taking a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should take this medication:
Alcohol: People taking CLONARIL pill should not consume alcohol since doing so can reduce the effectiveness of this medication and increase the risk of side effects.
People who have an addiction to alcohol or other drugs should not take clonazepam except in rare situations under medical supervision.
Breathing: CLONARIL pill can suppress breathing. This effect on breathing may be more pronounced for people with breathing problems, brain damage, or who are taking other medications that suppress breathing (e.g., codeine, morphine). If you have severe breathing problems, discuss the risks and benefits of taking this medication with your doctor.
Coordination problems: If you have a medical condition that affects coordination (e.g., spinal or cerebellar ataxia) discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Dependence and withdrawal: Physical dependence (a need to take regular doses to prevent physical symptoms) has been associated with benzodiazepines such as CLONARIL pill. Severe withdrawal symptoms may occur if the dose is significantly reduced or suddenly stopped. These symptoms include seizures, irritability, nervousness, sleep problems, agitation, tremors, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, memory impairment, headache, muscle pain, extreme anxiety, tension, restlessness, and confusion. Reducing the dose gradually under medical supervision can help prevent or decrease these withdrawal symptoms. Do not suddenly stop taking this medication without talking to your doctor.
Depression: CLONARIL pills, like other benzodiazepines, has been known to cause mood swings and symptoms of depression. If you have depression or a history of depression, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed. If you experience symptoms of depression such as poor concentration, changes in weight, changes in sleep, decreased interest in activities, or notice them in a family member who is taking this medication, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
CLONARIL pill is not recommended for use by people with depression or psychosis or who have attempted suicide.
Drowsiness/reduced alertness: Because CLONARIL pill causes drowsiness and sedation, avoid activities requiring mental alertness, judgment, and physical coordination (such as driving or operating machinery) while taking it. This is particularly true when first taking the medication and until you have established how clonazepam affects you. Alcohol can increase the drowsiness effects and should be avoided.
Grapefruit juice: Avoid drinking grapefruit juice while you are taking CLONARIL pill as it can increase the levels of clonazepam in your blood.
Kidney function: Decreased kidney function or kidney disease may cause this medication to build up in the body, causing side effects. If you have kidney disease or reduced kidney function, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Lactose intolerance: Lactose is one of the ingredients in this medication. If you have a hereditary condition that makes you intolerant to lactose, discuss other alternatives with your doctor.
Liver function: If you have liver disease or decreased liver function, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed. People with severe liver problems should not take this medication.
Memory: CLONARIL pill may impair recent memory. If you experience this while taking this medication, contact your doctor.
Porphyria: If you have porphyria, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Seizures: For some people taking this medication, seizures may worsen or a new type of seizure can occur. If you experience worsening seizures or the frequency of your seizures does not decrease while taking this medication, contact your doctor.
Pregnancy: Taking CLONARIL pill during pregnancy can increase the risk of certain birth defects. This medication should only be used during pregnancy if the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately. Do not stop taking this medication suddenly, as this may result in withdrawal symptoms. Discuss the options with your doctor and follow their instructions closely.
Breast-feeding: This medication passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are taking CLONARIL pill, it may affect your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding.
Children: If long-term use of CLONARIL pill is being considered for a child, discuss with your child’s doctor the benefits and the risks of clonazepam use. Long-term use may have an effect on your child’s physical and mental development.
Seniors: Seniors may be at increased risk for the sedative and impaired coordination effects of this medication. This can increase the risk of falls and fractures. Seniors may require lower doses of this medication.
What other drugs could interact with this medication?
There may be an interaction between clonazepam and any of the following:
• abiraterone acetate
• antihistamines (e.g,. cetirizine, doxylamine, diphenhydramine, hydroxyzine, loratadine)
• antipsychotics (e.g., chlorpromazine, clozapine, haloperidol, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone)
• “azole” antifungals (e.g., itraconazole, ketoconazole, voriconazole)
• barbiturates (e.g., butalbital, phenobarbital)
• benzodiazepines (e.g., alprazolam, diazepam, lorazepam)
• calcium channel blockers (e.g., amlodipine, diltiazem, nifedipine, verapamil)
• chloral hydrate
• general anesthetics (medications used to put people to sleep before surgery) grapefruit juice
• HIV non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (e.g., delavirdine, efavirenz, etravirine, nevirapine)
• HIV protease inhibitors (e.g., atazanavir, indinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir)
• kava kava
• macrolide antibiotics (e.g., clarithromycin, erythromycin)
• magnesium sulfate
• muscle relaxants (e.g., baclofen, cyclobenzaprine, methocarbamol, orphenadrine)
• narcotic-containing medications (e.g., codeine, oxycodone, morphine)
• proton pump inhibitors (e.g., lansoprazole, omeprazole)
• seizure medications (e.g., clobazam, carbamazepine, levetiracetam, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, topiramate, valproic acid, zonisamide)
• selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs; e.g., citalopram, duloxetine, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline)
• theophyllines (e.g., aminophylline, oxtriphylline, theophylline)
• tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., amitriptyline, clomipramine, desipramine, trimipramine)
If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:
• stop taking one of the medications,
• change one of the medications to another,
• change how you are taking one or both of the medications, or
• leave everything as is.
An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them. Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.
Medications other than those listed above may interact with this medication. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications that you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications; you should let your prescriber know if you use them.